Cluster algebras of infinite rank

Grabowski, Jan and Gratz, Sira and Groechenig, Michael (2014) Cluster algebras of infinite rank. Journal of the London Mathematical Society, 89 (2). pp. 337-363. ISSN 0024-6107

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Holm and Jørgensen have shown the existence of a cluster structure on a certain category D that shares many properties with finite type A cluster categories and that can be fruitfully considered as an infinite analogue of these. In this work we determine fully the combinatorics of this cluster structure and show that these are the cluster combinatorics of cluster algebras of infinite rank. That is, the clusters of these algebras contain infinitely many variables, although one is only permitted to make finite sequences of mutations. The cluster combinatorics of the category D are described by triangulations of an ∞-gon and we see that these have a natural correspondence with the behaviour of Plücker coordinates in the coordinate ring of a doubly-infinite Grassmannian, and hence the latter is where a concrete realization of these cluster algebra structures may be found. We also give the quantum analogue of these results, generalising work of the first author and Launois. An appendix by Michael Groechenig provides a construction of the coordinate ring of interest here, generalizing the well-known scheme-theoretic constructions for Grassmannians of finite-dimensional vector spaces.

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Journal Article
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Journal of the London Mathematical Society
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With an appendix by Michael Groechenig (University of Oxford and EPFL). This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in the Journal of the London Mathematical Society. The definitive publisher-authenticated version is available online at:
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17 Dec 2012 10:59
Last Modified:
22 Apr 2021 00:49