Mixture formation and controlled auto-ignition combustion in four-stroke gasoline engines with port and direct fuel injections

Cao, Li and Zhao, Hua and Jiang, Xi and Kalian, Navin (2005) Mixture formation and controlled auto-ignition combustion in four-stroke gasoline engines with port and direct fuel injections. International Journal of Engine Research, 6 (4). pp. 311-329. ISSN 2041-3149

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Abstract

Controlled auto-ignition (CAI) combustion, also known as homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) can be achieved by trapping residuals with early exhaust valve closure in both port and direct fuel injection four-stroke gasoline engines. A multi-cycle three-dimensional engine simulation program has been developed and applied to study the effect of injection on in-cylinder mixing and CAI combustion. The full engine cycle simulation, including complete gas exchange and combustion processes, was carried out over several cycles in order to obtain the stable cycle for analysis. The combustion models used in the present study are based on the Shell auto-ignition model and the characteristic-time combustion model, both of which have been modified to take the high level of residual gas into consideration. A liquid sheet break-up spray model was used for the droplet break-up processes. The analyses show that the injection timing plays an important role in affecting the in-cylinder air/fuel mixing and mixture temperature, which in turn affects the CAI combustion and engine performance. In comparison with the port fuel injection case, an early direct injection at exhaust valve closure can lead to higher load and lower fuel consumption.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
International Journal of Engine Research
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2200/2202
Subjects:
ID Code:
60401
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
11 Dec 2012 16:07
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
01 Jan 2020 08:14