A standardized approach to qualitative content analysis of focus group discussions from different countries.

Moretti, F and van Vliet, L and Bensing, J and Deledda, G and Mazzi, M and Rimondini, M and Zimmermann, C and Fletcher, Ian (2011) A standardized approach to qualitative content analysis of focus group discussions from different countries. Patient Education and Counseling, 82 (3). pp. 420-428. ISSN 0738-3991

Full text not available from this repository.


Objective To describe the methodological procedures of a multi-centre focus group research for obtaining content categories also suitable for categorical statistical analyses. Methods Inductive content analyses were performed on a subsample of 27 focus groups conducted in three different countries, the Netherlands (Utrecht), the UK (Liverpool) and Italy (Verona). The analyses of the subsample of focus group discussions were performed in five steps: (1) independent development of content categories in each of the participating centres, (2) obtaining consensus categories, (3) creation of a manual with coding rules and defining criteria for categories and subcategories, (4) assessment of inter-rater reliability to identify unreliable categories to be revised, and (5) repetition of inter-rater reliability assessment. Results The resulting coding system considers five areas: non verbal communication, process oriented expression, task oriented or problem focused expressions, affective or emotional expressions, and physician's personal characteristics. It contains 12 categories of acceptable inter-rater reliability and 41 subcategories. Conclusion The coding procedures show how focus group data, obtained in an international multi-centre study can be analysed in a systematic way combining scientific rigour with the richness of data obtainable from qualitative methodologies. Practice implication The applied procedures may be helpful for multi-centre focus group research on other topics.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Patient Education and Counseling
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? guliver studymulti-centre focus groups inductive content analysis physicians’ communicative behaviors users’ perspectivehealthmedicine(all)r medicine (general)discipline-based research ??
ID Code:
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
27 Sep 2012 10:47
Last Modified:
28 Nov 2023 11:16