Innovation and spatial inequality in Europe and United States

Lee, Neil and Rodriguez-Pose, Andres (2013) Innovation and spatial inequality in Europe and United States. Journal of Economic Geography, 13 (1). pp. 1-22. ISSN 1468-2710

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Abstract

Innovation is a crucial driver of urban and regional economic success. Innovative cities and regions tend to grow faster and have higher average wages. Little research, however, has considered the potential negative consequences: as a small body of innovators gain relative to others, innovation may lead to inequality. The evidence on this point is fragmented, based on cross-sectional evidence on skill premia rather than overall levels of inequality. This article provides the first comparative evidence on the link between innovation and inequality in a continental perspective. Using micro data from population surveys for European regions and US cities, the article finds, after controlling for other potential factors, good evidence of a link between innovation and inequality in European regions, but only limited evidence of such a relationship in USA. Less-flexible labour markets and lower levels of migration seem to be at the root of the stronger association between innovation and income inequality in Europe than in USA.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Economic Geography
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3300/3305
Subjects:
ID Code:
58408
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
18 Sep 2012 11:38
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
19 Aug 2020 01:32