Middle-Class Offenders: A 35-Year Follow-Up

Soothill, Keith and Humphreys, Leslie and Francis, Brian (2012) Middle-Class Offenders: A 35-Year Follow-Up. British Journal of Criminology, 52 (4). pp. 765-786. ISSN 0007-0955

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The long-term outcome for middle-class offenders after conviction is an under-researched area in criminology. This present study considers 317 offenders—with a follow-up of at least 35 years—who are seeking white-collar employment after conviction. On the basis of their previous criminal history, five clusters of offenders can be identified using latent class analysis (LCA): low-rate whitecollar, low-rate general, medium-rate acquisitive specialists, medium/high-rate generalists and high-rate generalists. Of the total series, 40 per cent were reconvicted of any standard-list offence, 24 per cent were reconvicted of a white-collar offence and 8 per cent were reconvicted of a sex or violence offence. The study helps to support the notion that middle-class persons are very much part of ‘the crime problem’.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
British Journal of Criminology
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? middle-class offendingreconvictiontypologiessex offendingwhite-colar crimecriminal careers long term follow upmathematics and statisticspathology and forensic medicinelawqa mathematics ??
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Deposited On:
31 May 2012 08:27
Last Modified:
15 Jul 2024 12:52