Distribution and translocation of selenium from soil to grain and its speciation in paddy rice (Oryza sativa L.)

Sun, Guo-Xin and Liu, Xiao and Williams, Paul N and Zhu, Yong-Guan (2010) Distribution and translocation of selenium from soil to grain and its speciation in paddy rice (Oryza sativa L.). Environmental Science and Technology, 44 (17). pp. 6706-6711. ISSN 0013-936X

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Abstract

Selenium, an essential micronutrient for humans, is insufficient in dietary intake for millions of people worldwide. Rice as the most popular staple food in the world is one of the dominant selenium (Se) sources for people. The distribution and translocation of Se from soil to grain were investigated in a Se-rich environment in this study. The Se levels in soils ranged widely from 0.5 to 47.7 mg kg(-1). Selenium concentration in rice bran was 1.94 times higher than that in corresponding polished rice. The total Se concentrations in the rice fractions were in the following order: straw>bran>whole grain>polished rice>husk. Significant linear relationships between different rice fractions were observed with each other, and Se in the soil has a linear relationship with different rice fractions as well. Se concentration in rice can easily be predicted by soil Se concentrations or any rice fractions and vice versa according to their linear relationships. In all rice samples for Se speciation, SeMet was the major Se species, followed by MeSeCys and SeCys. The average percentage for SeMet (82.9%) and MeSeCys (6.2%) was similar in the range of total Se from 2.2 to 8.4 mg kg(-1) tested. The percentage of SeCys decreased from 6.3 to 2.8%, although its concentration elevated with the increase in total Se in rice. This could be due to the fact that SeCys is the precursor for the formation of other organic Se compounds. The information obtained may have considerable significance for assessing translocation and accumulation of Se in plant.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Environmental Science and Technology
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/libraryofcongress/ge
Subjects:
ID Code:
53946
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
02 May 2012 08:10
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
07 Oct 2020 01:55