A solid-state NMR study of lead and vanadium substitution into hydroxyapatite

Pizzala, Helene and Caldarelli, Stefano and Eon, Jean-Guillaume and Rossi, Alexandre Malta and Laurencin, D and Smith, Mark E. (2009) A solid-state NMR study of lead and vanadium substitution into hydroxyapatite. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 131 (14). pp. 5145-5152. ISSN 1520-5126

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A systematic study on cationic and anionic substitution in hydroxyapatite structures was carried out, with the aim of understanding the impact of ion exchange on the crystalline structure and properties of these materials. Lead and vanadium were chosen for the exchange, due to their known effects on the redox and catalytic properties of hydroxypatites. Hydroxyapatites with variable Pb and V contents, Pb-x- Ca10-x(VO4)y(PO4)(6-y)(OH)(2) (x = 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 for y = 1; y = 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 3 and 6 for x = 10) were synthesized and characterized by NMR spectroscopy. Solid-state NMR allowed an analysis of the chemical environment of every ion after substitution into the hydroxyapatite network. Ca-43 and 207 Pb NMR spectra at different lead concentrations provided clear evidence of the preferential substitution of lead into the Ca(II) site, the replacement of the Ca(I) site starting at x = 4 for y = 1. Two NMR distinguishable Pb(I) sites were observed in Pb-10(PO4)(6)(OH)(2), which is compatible with the absence of a local mirror plane pi rpendicular to the c direction. In contrast with P-31 NMR, for which only small variations related to the incorporation of Pb are observed, the strong change in the V-51 NMR spectrum indicates that lead perturbs the vanadium environment more than the phosphorus one. The existence of a wide variety of environments for OH in substituted apatites, is revealed by H-1 NMR, and the mobility of the water molecules appears to vary upon introduction of lead into the structure.

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Journal of the American Chemical Society
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28 Feb 2012 11:58
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21 Nov 2022 22:06