The development of a shortened 'ways of coping' questionnaire for use with direct care staff in learning disability services

Hatton, C and Emerson, E (1995) The development of a shortened 'ways of coping' questionnaire for use with direct care staff in learning disability services. Mental Handicap Research, 8 (4). pp. 237-251. ISSN 0952-9608

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This study reports the development of the Shortened Ways of Coping (Revised) Questionnaire (SWC-R), a measure of staff coping strategies designed to be easily administered and scored in work settings. The 14-item self-report measure is scored into two subscales, Practical Coping and Wishful Thinking, representing distinct Ways of Coping. The reliability of the SWC-R was evaluated by administering questionnaires containing the SWC-R to 181 direct care staff in four learning disability services and, in an attempt to explore issues of validity, measures of social desirability, distress, overall job satisfaction, overall life satisfaction, and propensity to leave the organisation. A subset of 30 staff completed the questionnaire twice over a 16-month period, enabling some exploration of test-retest reliability and predictive validity. Both subscales show adequate psychometric properties in terms of alpha reliabilities, inter-item correlations, inter-scale correlations, and test-retest reliabilities. While the Wishful Thinking subscale is prone to a social desirability bias, exclusion of such a measure from analyses does not seem to lead to false positive errors. The Wishful Thinking subscale shows a reliable positive association with distress (even over a 16-month period) and some negative associations with overall life satisfaction, but the Practical Coping subscale is associated with none of the outcome measures used in the study. The further use of the SWC-R in research concerning direct care staff in human services is recommended.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Mental Handicap Research
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? cognitive appraisaldowns-syndromestresssatisfactionchildrenfamilieslearning disabilities ??
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Deposited On:
05 Dec 2011 10:06
Last Modified:
28 Nov 2023 11:14