Extreme and conflicting appraisals of activated internal states discriminate remitted bipolar disorder from remitted unipolar depression and non-clinical controls.

Kelly, Rebecca and Mansell, Warren and Wood, Alex and Alatiq, Y and Dodd, Alyson and Searson, Ruth (2011) Extreme and conflicting appraisals of activated internal states discriminate remitted bipolar disorder from remitted unipolar depression and non-clinical controls. Journal of Affective Disorders, 134 (1-3). pp. 438-443. ISSN 0165-0327

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Abstract

Background This research aimed to test whether positive, negative, or conflicting appraisals about activated mood states (e.g., energetic and high states) predicted bipolar disorder. Methods A sample of individuals from clinical and control groups (171 with bipolar disorder, 42 with unipolar depression, and 64 controls) completed a measure of appraisals of internal states. Results High negative appraisals related to a higher likelihood of bipolar disorder irrespective of positive appraisals. High positive appraisals related to a higher likelihood of bipolar disorder only when negative appraisals were also high. Individuals were most likely to have bipolar disorder, as opposed to unipolar depression or no diagnosis, when they endorsed both extremely positive and extremely negative appraisals of the same, activated states. Limitations Appraisals of internal states were based on self-report. Conclusions The results indicate that individuals with bipolar disorder tend to appraise activated, energetic internal states in opposing or conflicting ways, interpreting these states as both extremely positive and extremely negative. This may lead to contradictory attempts to regulate these states, which may in turn contribute to mood swing symptoms. Psychological therapy for mood swings and bipolar disorder should address extreme and conflicting appraisals of mood states.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Affective Disorders
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2738
Subjects:
ID Code:
51586
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
24 Nov 2011 15:30
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
24 Mar 2020 02:51