Accent, listening assessment and the potential for a shared-L1 advantage:a DIF perspective

Harding, Luke (2012) Accent, listening assessment and the potential for a shared-L1 advantage:a DIF perspective. Language Testing, 29 (2). pp. 163-180. ISSN 0265-5322

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Abstract

This paper reports on an investigation of the potential for a shared-L1 advantage on an academic English listening test featuring speakers with L2 accents. Two hundred and twelve second-language listeners (including 70 Mandarin Chinese L1 listeners and 60 Japanese L1 listeners) completed three versions of the University Test of English as a Second Language (UTESL) listening sub-test which featured an Australian English-accented speaker, a Japanese-accented speaker and a Mandarin Chinese-accented speaker. Differential item functioning (DIF) analyses were conducted on data from the tests which featured L2-accented speakers using two methods of DIF detection – the standardization procedure and the Mantel-Haenszel procedure – with candidates matched for ability on the test featuring the Australian English-accented speaker. Findings showed that Japanese L1 listeners were advantaged on a small number of items on the test featuring the Japanese-accented speaker, but these were balanced by items which favoured non-Japanese L1 listeners. By contrast, Mandarin Chinese L1 listeners were clearly advantaged across several items on the test featuring a Mandarin Chinese L1 speaker. The implications of these findings for claims of bias are discussed with reference to the role of speaker accent in the listening construct.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Language Testing
Additional Information: The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Language Testing, 29 (2), 2012, © SAGE Publications Ltd, 2012 by SAGE Publications Ltd at the Language Testing page: http://ltj.sagepub.com/ on SAGE Journals Online: http://online.sagepub.com/
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/libraryofcongress/p1
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences > Linguistics & English Language
ID Code: 50930
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 09 Nov 2011 14:42
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2020 01:52
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/50930

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