Effects of climate-induced changes in isoprene emissions after the eruption of Mount Pinatubo

Telford, P. J. and Lathiere, Juliette and Abraham, N. L. and Archibald, A. T. and Braesicke, P. and Johnson, C. E. and Morgenstern, O. and O'Connor, F. M. and Pike, R. C. and Wild, O. and Young, Paul and Beerling, D. J. and Hewitt, C. N. and Pyle, J. (2010) Effects of climate-induced changes in isoprene emissions after the eruption of Mount Pinatubo. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10 (15). pp. 7117-7125. ISSN 1680-7316

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Abstract

In the 1990s the rates of increase of greenhouse gas concentrations, most notably of methane, were observed to change, for reasons that have yet to be fully determined. This period included the eruption of Mt. Pinatubo and an El Nino warm event, both of which affect biogeochemical processes, by changes in temperature, precipitation and radiation. We examine the impact of these changes in climate on global isoprene emissions and the effect these climate dependent emissions have on the hydroxy radical, OH, the dominant sink for methane. We model a reduction of isoprene emissions in the early 1990s, with a maximum decrease of 40 Tg(C)/yr in late 1992 and early 1993, a change of 9%. This reduction is caused by the cooler, drier conditions following the eruption of Mt. Pinatubo. Isoprene emissions are reduced both directly, by changes in temperature and a soil moisture dependent suppression factor, and indirectly, through reductions in the total biomass. The reduction in isoprene emissions causes increases of tropospheric OH which lead to an increased sink for methane of up to 5 Tg(CH4)/year, comparable to estimated source changes over the time period studied. There remain many uncertainties in the emission and oxidation of isoprene which may affect the exact size of this effect, but its magnitude is large enough that it should remain important.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/libraryofcongress/ge
Subjects:
ID Code:
49570
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
07 Sep 2011 09:26
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
29 Sep 2020 01:08