Science of helium in technology.

McClintock, Peter V. E. (1987) Science of helium in technology. Nature, 326 (6111). p. 340. ISSN 1476-4687

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Liquid helium is something of an oddity. Its existence as a liquid at all is rather marginal, as shown by the ease with which it can be vaporized by tiny influxes of heat - just one watt is enough to evaporate about a litre of liquid in an hour. For temperatures below 2.17K, it behaves as though it were an interpenetrating mixture of two completely miscible fluids: a (relatively ordinary) normal fluid component, and a superfluid component which carries no entropy and whose viscosityis identically zero. It is the latter component that gives rise to liquid helium's celebrated frictionless-flow properties, enabling it, for example, to climb out of any open vessel in which it is placed.

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Journal Article
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Review of "Helium Cryogenics" by Steven W. Van Sciver, Plenum, 1986. Pp.429.
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30 Apr 2010 12:18
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21 Nov 2022 19:58