Cadaveric donotransplantation : nurses' attitudes, knowledge and behaviour.

Sque, Magi and Payne, Sheila and Vlachonikolis, Ioannis (1999) Cadaveric donotransplantation : nurses' attitudes, knowledge and behaviour. Social Science and Medicine, 50 (4). pp. 541-552. ISSN 0277-9536

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Abstract

Human organ transplantation is an important treatment for certain medical conditions, and for irreversible organ failure. There is a shortfall in the number of organs required for transplantation. The close and continuous proximity of nurses to potential donors and their families make them critical links in the organ donation process. Therefore, success in organ procurement may depend on nurses’ awareness and integration of knowledge about donotransplantation (the process of organ/tissue donation and transplantation). Postal questionnaires were distributed throughout the United Kingdom (UK) to 2465 registered nurses, to assess their personal attitudes, knowledge and behaviour regarding cadaveric donotransplantation. One thousand, three hundred and thirty-three questionnaires were returned, a response rate of 54%. Overall, nurses held positive attitudes to donotransplantation, with 78% agreeing with organ donation and only 10% clearly being opposed. However, nurses were found to share ambivalent attitudes of altruism and fear which appear to surround decisions about donation. Factor analysis was used to further explore nurses’ attitude structure. Six factors were confirmed providing a non-significant likelihood ratio fit (P=0.468) and a well reproduced correlation matrix. The factors related to: (1) the value and contribution made by donotransplantation; (2) the unique idea of having another’s tissue in one’s own body; (3) the importance of organ donation; (4) the individual’s moral, and nurses’ professional rejection of the responsibility for organ/tissue donation; (5) the post-mortem mutilation of the body; and, (6) the potential distress donation may cause a bereaved family. Comparisons were made between certain of nurses’ specialist groups and significant differences were found. Comparisons of factor scores between certain specialist groups or other strata were assessed by analysis of variance. Nurses working in renal units were significantly more in favour of donotransplantation than any other group of nurses.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Social Science and Medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/libraryofcongress/r1
Subjects:
ID Code: 32469
Deposited By: Mr Richard Ingham
Deposited On: 26 Mar 2010 09:59
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2019 15:09
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/32469

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