Linking desorption kinetics to phenanthrene biodegradation in soil.

Rhodes, Angela and McAllister, Laura E. and Semple, Kirk T. (2010) Linking desorption kinetics to phenanthrene biodegradation in soil. Environmental Pollution, 158 (5). pp. 1348-1353. ISSN 0269-7491

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Abstract

The desorption of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) often exhibits a biphasic profile similar to that observed for biodegradation whereby an initial rapid phase of degradation or desorption is followed by a phase of much slower transformation or release. Most investigations to-date have utilised a polymeric sorbent, such as Tenax, to characterise desorption, which is methodologically unsuitable for the analysis of soil. In this study, desorption kinetics of 14C-phenanthrene were measured by consecutive extraction using aqueous solutions of hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPCD). The data indicate that the fraction extracted after 24 h generally approximated the linearly sorbed, rapidly desorbing fraction (Frap), calculated using a three-compartment model. A good linear correlation between phenanthrene mineralised and Frap was observed (r2 = 0.89; gradient = 0.85; intercept = 8.20). Hence HPCD extraction (24 h) and first-order three-compartment modelling appear to provide an operationally straightforward tool for estimating mass-transfer limited biodegradation in soil. Aqueous hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPCD) solutions can predict the rapidly desorbing and microbially degradable fractions of phenanthrene in soils.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Pollution
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/libraryofcongress/ge
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 31770
Deposited By: Prof Kirk T. Semple
Deposited On: 08 Feb 2010 14:05
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2019 04:12
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/31770

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