Development and testing of a risk indexing framework to determine field-scale critical source areas of faecal bacteria on grassland.

Oliver, David M. and Page, Trevor and Hodgson, Chris J. and Heathwaite, A. Louise and Chadwick, Dave R. and Fish, Rob D. and Winter, Michael (2010) Development and testing of a risk indexing framework to determine field-scale critical source areas of faecal bacteria on grassland. Environmental Modelling and Software, 25 (4). pp. 503-512. ISSN 1364-8152

This is the latest version of this item.

[img]
Preview
PDF (EMS_Oliver_et_al_accepted.pdf)
EMS_Oliver_et_al_accepted.pdf

Download (1MB)

Abstract

This paper draws on lessons from a UK case study in the management of diffuse microbial pollution from grassland farm systems in the Taw catchment, south west England. We report on the development and preliminary testing of a field-scale faecal indicator organism risk indexing tool (FIORIT). This tool aims to prioritise those fields most vulnerable in terms of their risk of contributing FIOs to water. FIORIT risk indices were related to recorded microbial water quality parameters (faecal coliforms [FC] and intestinal enterococci [IE]) to provide a concurrent on-farm evaluation of the tool. There was a significant upward trend in Log[FC] and Log[IE] values with FIORIT risk score classification (r2 =0.87 and 0.70, respectively and P<0.01 for both FIOs). The FIORIT was then applied to 162 representative grassland fields through different seasons for ten farms in the case study catchment to determine the distribution of on-farm spatial and temporal risk. The high risk fields made up only a small proportion (1%, 2%, 2% and 3% for winter, spring, summer and autumn, respectively) of the total number of fields assessed (and less than 10% of the total area), but the likelihood of the hydrological connection of high FIO source areas to receiving watercourses makes them a priority for mitigation efforts. The FIORIT provides a preliminary and evolving mechanism through which we can combine risk assessment with risk communication to end-users and provides a framework for prioritising future empirical research. Continued testing of FIORIT across different geographical areas under both low and high flow conditions is now needed to initiate its long term development into a robust indexing tool.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Modelling and Software
Additional Information: The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Environmental Modelling and Software 25 (4), 2010, © ELSEVIER.
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/libraryofcongress/ge
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 30822
Deposited By: Dr David M Oliver
Deposited On: 08 Dec 2009 08:56
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2019 23:57
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/30822

Available Versions of this Item

  • Development and testing of a risk indexing framework to determine field-scale critical source areas of faecal bacteria on grassland. (deposited 08 Dec 2009 08:56) [Currently Displayed]

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item