Development of turbulence in submerged jets as a noise-induced transition

Landa, Polina S. and McClintock, Peter V. E. (2004) Development of turbulence in submerged jets as a noise-induced transition. Proceedings of SPIE, 5471. pp. 79-90. ISSN 0277-786X

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Experiments show that the amplitude of turbulent pulsation in submerged jets rises with increasing distance from the nozzle, at first slowly and then, after a certain distance, rapidly. This dependence on distance from the nozzle closely resembles the dependence of an order parameter on temperature in the case of a second-order phase transition. Following an idea introduced by Landa and Zaikin in 1996, it is suggested that the onset of turbulence is a noise-induced phase transition similar to that in a pendulum with a randomly vibrated suspension axis. The Krylov-Bogolyubov asymptotic method is used to provide an approximate description of the transition. Results obtained in this way are shown to coincide closely with experimental data. Such an approach is appropriate because the convective character of the instability means that turbulence in nonclosed flows cannot be a self-oscillatory process, as is often assumed. Rather, it must originate in the external random disturbances that are always present in real flows.

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Proceedings of SPIE
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Copyright 2004 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.
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17 Mar 2009 14:43
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21 Sep 2023 01:50