Laustsen, Niels J. (2002) Maximal ideals in the algebra of operators on certain Banach spaces. Proceedings of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society, 45 (3). pp. 523546. ISSN 00130915

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Abstract
For a Banach space $\mathfrak{X}$, let $\mathcal{B}(\mathfrak{X})$ denote the Banach algebra of all continuous linear operators on $\mathfrak{X}$. First, we study the lattice of closed ideals in $\mathcal{B}(\mathfrak{J}_p)$, where $1 < p < \infty$ and $\mathfrak{J}_p$ is the $p$th James space. Our main result is that the ideal of weakly compact operators is the unique maximal ideal in $\mathcal{B}(\mathfrak{J}_p)$. Applications of this result include the following. (i) The Brown–McCoy radical of $\mathcal{B}(\mathfrak{X})$, which by definition is the intersection of all maximal ideals in $\mathcal{B}(\mathfrak{X})$, cannot be turned into an operator ideal. This implies that there is no ‘Brown–McCoy’ analogue of Pietsch’s construction of the operator ideal of inessential operators from the Jacobson radical of $\mathcal{B}(\mathfrak{X})/\mathcal{A}(\mathfrak{X})$. (ii) For each natural number $n$ and each $n$tuple $(m_1,\dots,m_n)$ in $\{k^2\mid k\in\mathbb{N}\}\cup\{\infty\}$, there is a Banach space $\mathfrak{X}$ such that $\mathcal{B}(\mathfrak{X})$ has exactly $n$ maximal ideals, and these maximal ideals have codimensions $m_1,\dots,m_n$ in $\mathcal{B}(\mathfrak{X})$, respectively; the Banach space $\mathfrak{X}$ is a finite direct sum of James spaces and $\ell_p$spaces. Second, building on the work of Gowers and Maurey, we obtain further examples of Banach spaces $\mathfrak{X}$ such that all the maximal ideals in $\mathcal{B}(\mathfrak{X})$ can be classified. We show that the ideal of strictly singular operators is the unique maximal ideal in $\mathcal{B}(\mathfrak{X})$ for each hereditarily indecomposable Banach space $\mathfrak{X}$, and we prove that there are $2^{2^{\aleph_0}}$ distinct maximal ideals in $\mathcal{B}(\mathfrak{G})$, where $\mathfrak{G}$ is the Banach space constructed by Gowers to solve Banach’s hyperplane problem.
Item Type:  Journal Article 

Journal or Publication Title:  Proceedings of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society 
Additional Information:  The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Proceedings of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society, 45 (3), pp 523546 2002, © 2002 Cambridge University Press. RAE_import_type : Journal article RAE_uoa_type : Pure Mathematics 
Uncontrolled Keywords:  /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/libraryofcongress/qa 
Subjects:  
Departments:  Faculty of Science and Technology > Mathematics and Statistics 
ID Code:  2379 
Deposited By:  ep_importer 
Deposited On:  01 Apr 2008 10:14 
Refereed?:  Yes 
Published?:  Published 
Last Modified:  18 Aug 2019 00:40 
URI:  https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/2379 
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