Effects of shepherd's purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris L. Medic.) on the growth of radish (Raphanus sativus L.).

Perera, K. K. and Ayres, P. G. (1992) Effects of shepherd's purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris L. Medic.) on the growth of radish (Raphanus sativus L.). Weed Research, 32 (5). pp. 329-335. ISSN 1365-3180

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Radish (Raphanus sativus L.), a salad vegetable, and shepherd's purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Med.), a common annual or biennial weed, are plants of similar height, leaf area and root biomass which often occur together in early summer. To assess the effects of the weed on the crop, plants were grown in well-watered and fertilized monocultures and mixtures in the greenhouse. Growth of both species in monoculture decreased, per plant, as planting density increased, particularly in radish which had a high relative monoculture response. In mixtures, at a range of planting densities, and in different proportions, radish was much the stronger competitor, its total dry matter and tuber production being affected only slightly, and not at all in some experiments, by mixture with C. bursa-pastoris. Thus the relative mixture response of radish ranged from 0.1 to 0.0, and the relative crowding coefficient of radish over Capsella was high, indicating that radish was strongly aggressive in the mixture. Although the two species had similar leaf areas in monoculture, that of C. bursa-pastoris was greatly reduced in mixture. The advantage displayed by radish in intercepting light was further enhanced when it was grown in mixtures because radish increased the height of the greatest part of its leaf area, so increasing its shading of the weed. Withholding water from plants increased dry matter partitioning to the root systems in both species, and slightly increased the competitive advantage of radish over C. bursa-pastoris. It is concluded that the weed poses little threat to the yield of radish crops in the field.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Weed Research
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? plant scienceecology, evolution, behavior and systematicsagronomy and crop sciencege environmental sciences ??
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Deposited On:
07 Jan 2009 15:20
Last Modified:
15 Jul 2024 10:13