An empirical study of reflection attacks using NetFlow data

Chuah, Edward and Suri, Neeraj (2024) An empirical study of reflection attacks using NetFlow data. Cybersecurity, 7 (1): 13. ISSN 2523-3246

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Abstract

Reflection attacks are one of the most intimidating threats organizations face. A reflection attack is a special type of distributed denial-of-service attack that amplifies the amount of malicious traffic by using reflectors and hides the identity of the attacker. Reflection attacks are known to be one of the most common causes of service disruption in large networks. Large networks perform extensive logging of NetFlow data, and parsing this data is an advocated basis for identifying network attacks. We conduct a comprehensive analysis of NetFlow data containing 1.7 billion NetFlow records and identified reflection attacks on the network time protocol (NTP) and NetBIOS servers. We set up three regression models including the Ridge, Elastic Net and LASSO. To the best of our knowledge, there is no work that studied different regression models to understand patterns of reflection attacks in a large network. In this paper, we (a) propose an approach for identifying correlations of reflection attacks, and (b) evaluate the three regression models on real NetFlow data. Our results show that (a) reflection attacks on the NTP servers are not correlated, (b) reflection attacks on the NetBIOS servers are not correlated, (c) the traffic generated by those reflection attacks did not overwhelm the NTP and NetBIOS servers, and (d) the dwell times of reflection attacks on the NTP and NetBIOS servers are too small for predicting reflection attacks on these servers. Our work on reflection attacks identification highlights recommendations that could facilitate better handling of reflection attacks in large networks.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Cybersecurity
Subjects:
?? reflection attacksregression analysislarge networksnetflow data ??
ID Code:
221940
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
09 Jul 2024 16:05
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
09 Jul 2024 16:05