Simplifying nature : Towards the design of broad spectrum kinetoplastid inhibitors, inspired by acetogenins

Gould, Eoin R. and King, Elizabeth F.B. and Menzies, Stefanie K. and Fraser, Andrew L. and Tulloch, Lindsay B. and Zacharova, Marija K. and Smith, Terry K. and Florence, Gordon J. (2017) Simplifying nature : Towards the design of broad spectrum kinetoplastid inhibitors, inspired by acetogenins. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry, 25 (22). pp. 6126-6136. ISSN 0968-0896

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Abstract

The need for new treatments for the neglected tropical diseases African sleeping sickness, Chagas disease and Leishmaniasis remains urgent with the diseases widespread in tropical regions, affecting the world's very poorest. We have previously reported bis-tetrahydropyran 1,4-triazole analogues designed as mimics of the annonaceous acetogenin natural product chamuvarinin, which maintained trypanocidal activity. Building upon these studies, we here report related triazole compounds with pendant heterocycles, mimicking the original butenolide of the natural product. Analogues were active against T. brucei, with a nitrofuran compound displaying nanomolar trypanocidal activity. Several analogues also showed strong activity against T. cruzi and L. major. Importantly, select compounds gave excellent selectivity over mammalian cells with a furan-based analogue highly selective while remaining active against all three cell lines, thus representing a potential lead for a new broad spectrum kinetoplastid inhibitor.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1300/1303
Subjects:
?? acetogeninsnatural productsneglected tropical diseasestetrahydropyranbiochemistrymolecular medicinemolecular biologypharmaceutical sciencedrug discoveryclinical biochemistryorganic chemistrygeneral medicinemedicine(all) ??
ID Code:
221647
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
25 Jun 2024 08:20
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
16 Jul 2024 12:18