Multilingual Offensive Language Identification for Low-resource Languages

Ranasinghe, Tharindu and Zampieri, Marcos (2022) Multilingual Offensive Language Identification for Low-resource Languages. ACM Transactions on Asian and Low-Resource Language Information Processing (TALLIP), 21 (1): 4. 4:1-4:13. ISSN 2375-4699

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Abstract

Offensive content is pervasive in social media and a reason for concern to companies and government organizations. Several studies have been recently published investigating methods to detect the various forms of such content (e.g., hate speech, cyberbullying, and cyberaggression). The clear majority of these studies deal with English partially because most annotated datasets available contain English data. In this article, we take advantage of available English datasets by applying cross-lingual contextual word embeddings and transfer learning to make predictions in low-resource languages. We project predictions on comparable data in Arabic, Bengali, Danish, Greek, Hindi, Spanish, and Turkish. We report results of 0.8415 F1 macro for Bengali in TRAC-2 shared task [23], 0.8532 F1 macro for Danish and 0.8701 F1 macro for Greek in OffensEval 2020 [58], 0.8568 F1 macro for Hindi in HASOC 2019 shared task [27], and 0.7513 F1 macro for Spanish in in SemEval-2019 Task 5 (HatEval) [7], showing that our approach compares favorably to the best systems submitted to recent shared tasks on these three languages. Additionally, we report competitive performance on Arabic and Turkish using the training and development sets of OffensEval 2020 shared task. The results for all languages confirm the robustness of cross-lingual contextual embeddings and transfer learning for this task.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
ACM Transactions on Asian and Low-Resource Language Information Processing (TALLIP)
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1700
Subjects:
?? offensive language identificationcross-lingual embeddingslow-resource languagescomputer science(all) ??
ID Code:
221461
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
28 Jun 2024 12:55
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
28 Jun 2024 12:55