Robust Bayesian nonparametric variable selection for linear regression

Cabezas, Alberto and Battiston, Marco and Nemeth, Christopher (2024) Robust Bayesian nonparametric variable selection for linear regression. Stat, 13 (2): e696. ISSN 2049-1573

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Abstract

Spike-and-slab and horseshoe regressions are arguably the most popular Bayesian variable selection approaches for linear regression models. However, their performance can deteriorate if outliers and heteroskedasticity are present in the data, which are common features in many real-world statistics and machine learning applications. This work proposes a Bayesian nonparametric approach to linear regression that performs variable selection while accounting for outliers and heteroskedasticity. Our proposed model is an instance of a Dirichlet process scale mixture model with the advantage that we can derive the full conditional distributions of all parameters in closed-form, hence producing an efficient Gibbs sampler for posterior inference. Moreover, we present how to extend the model to account for heavy-tailed response variables. The model's performance is tested against competing algorithms on synthetic and real-world datasets.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Stat
Additional Information:
Publisher Copyright: © 2024 The Author(s). Stat published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Research Output Funding/yes_externally_funded
Subjects:
?? dirichlet processheteroskedasticityhorseshoespike-and-slabvariable selectionyes - externally fundedyesstatistics and probabilitystatistics, probability and uncertainty ??
ID Code:
221434
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
18 Jun 2024 10:00
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
19 Jun 2024 00:52