SOLD: Sinhala offensive language dataset

Ranasinghe, Tharindu and Nanomi Arachchige, Isuri and Dola Mullage, Damith and Silva, Kanishka and Hettiarachchi, Hansi and Uyangodage, Lasitha and Zampieri, Marcos (2024) SOLD: Sinhala offensive language dataset. Language Resources and Evaluation. ISSN 1574-020X

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Abstract

The widespread of offensive content online, such as hate speech and cyber-bullying, is a global phenomenon. This has sparked interest in the artificial intelligence (AI) and natural language processing (NLP) communities, motivating the development of various systems trained to detect potentially harmful content automatically. These systems require annotated datasets to train the machine learning (ML) models. However, with a few notable exceptions, most datasets on this topic have dealt with English and a few other high-resource languages. As a result, the research in offensive language identification has been limited to these languages. This paper addresses this gap by tackling offensive language identification in Sinhala, a low-resource Indo-Aryan language spoken by over 17 million people in Sri Lanka. We introduce the Sinhala Offensive Language Dataset (SOLD) and present multiple experiments on this dataset. SOLD is a manually annotated dataset containing 10,000 posts from Twitter annotated as offensive and not offensive at both sentence-level and token-level, improving the explainability of the ML models. SOLD is the first large publicly available offensive language dataset compiled for Sinhala. We also introduce SemiSOLD, a larger dataset containing more than 145,000 Sinhala tweets, annotated following a semi-supervised approach.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Language Resources and Evaluation
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3300/3310
Subjects:
?? linguistics and languagelibrary and information sciences ??
ID Code:
221431
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
18 Jun 2024 09:55
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
16 Jul 2024 01:19