Numerical and Experimental Analysis of the Formation of Nitrogen Oxides in a Non-premixed Industrial Gas Burner

Ortolani, Andrea and Yeadon, Jason and Ruane, Ben and Paul, Manosh C. and Campobasso, M. Sergio (2024) Numerical and Experimental Analysis of the Formation of Nitrogen Oxides in a Non-premixed Industrial Gas Burner. Results in Engineering: 102392. ISSN 2590-1230 (In Press)

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Nitrogen oxides (NOx) formation in a non-premixed industrial gas burner is analyzed with Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) computational fluid dynamics, using the Flamelet Generated Manifold (FGM) approach for chemistry and the Reynolds stress model for turbulence closure. Analysis and validation of the numerical methodology use both the RANS and the Large Eddy Simulation methods to study the Sandia flame D experiment. Four regimes of the gas burner, differing by thermal power, are studied experimentally and numerically, comparing measured and computed flue gas temperature and emissions. The flow features leading to NOx formation are analyzed. At low power, most NOx formation occurs in the flame core, where temperatures are highest. At high power, a significant amount of NOx forms where a secondary stream of oxidizer meets the high-temperature burnt gas stream. The NOx formation rate is modeled either by summing the contributions of the main paths relevant to the studied problem or via two variants of the FGM scalar transport approach. One of these variants features a correction to the transported scalar approach that enables accounting for the effects of non-adiabatic phenomena, e.g. heat radiation, on NOx formation without increasing the look-up table dimensionality and the required memory usage. The correction is shown to improve emission predictions over the baseline model, although quantitative differences between predicted and measured emission levels remain significant. The approach computing the NOx formation rate as by summing contributions yields the best agreement with measurements when the thermal path predominates, and the formation of nitrogen dioxide is negligible.

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Journal Article
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Results in Engineering
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Deposited On:
18 Jun 2024 11:00
In Press
Last Modified:
16 Jul 2024 01:18