Thermal conductivity and torsional oscillations of solid 4He

Brazhnikov, M. Yu and Zmeev, D. E. and Golov, A. I. (2012) Thermal conductivity and torsional oscillations of solid 4He. Fizika Nizkikh Temperatur, 38 (11). pp. 1329-1335. ISSN 0132-6414

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Polycrystalline samples of hcp 4He of molar volume Vm = 19.5 cm 3with small amount of 3He impurities were grown in an annular container by the blocked-capillary method. Three concentrations of 3He, x 3, were studied: isotopically purified 4He with the estimated x 3 < 10 -10, commercial 'well-grade' helium with x 3 ∼ 3 10 -7 and a mixture with x 3 = 2.5 10 -6. Torsional oscillations at two frequencies, 132.5 and 853.6 Hz, and thermal conductivity were investigated before and after annealing. The solid helium under investigation was located not only in the annular container but also in the axial fill line inside two torsion rods and dummy bob of the doublefrequency torsional oscillator. The analysis of the frequency shifts upon loading with helium and changing temperatures of different parts of the oscillator suggests that the three techniques probe the properties of solid helium in three different locations: the two different torsion modes respond to the changes of the shear modulus of solid helium in either of the two torsion rods while the thermal conductivity probes the phonon mean free path in solid helium inside the annular container. The temperature and width of the torsional anomaly increase with increasing frequency and x 3. The phonon mean free path increases with increasing x 3. Annealing typically resulted in an increased phonon mean free path but often in little change in the torsional oscillator response. While the magnitude of the torsional anomaly and phonon mean free path can be very different in different samples, no correlation was found between them.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Fizika Nizkikh Temperatur
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? isotopic impuritiesphonon mean free pathshear modulussolid heliumtorsional oscillationsvibrating dislocationsgeneral physics and astronomy ??
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17 Jun 2024 11:00
Last Modified:
16 Jul 2024 01:18