Word recognition thresholds in novice readers : Exploring when reading and listening comprehension are comparable

Garcia, J. Ricardo and Sanchez, Emilio and Calvo, Natalia and Cain, Kate (2024) Word recognition thresholds in novice readers : Exploring when reading and listening comprehension are comparable. Reading and Writing. ISSN 0922-4777 (In Press)

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This study proposes and identifies two levels of word reading at which good comprehenders can obtain a similar understanding of written and spoken narrative texts: The oral-written matching functional and efficient thresholds. These thresholds are compared with the level of word reading over which a relationship between listening comprehension and reading comprehension is evident (a basic word recognition threshold) and with the level after which better word recognition does not result in improvements in reading comprehension (an upper word recognition threshold). The three first thresholds were calculated in a sample of 344 first to third-grade Spanish students who read and listened to two narrative texts of different difficulty and who were assessed on measures of comprehension and word recognition. Listening and reading comprehension were related when participants accurately read more than 73% of pseudowords in a list (basic word recognition threshold). For participants with good listening comprehension, reading comprehension performance matched listening comprehension once a moderate reading speed of ~66 decontextualized words per minute was achieved (oral-written matching functional threshold) or when the rate of reading the text was ~140 words per minute (oral-written matching efficient threshold). The value of the oral-written matching efficient threshold was, in this study, similar to the upper word recognition threshold identified by prior research. The thresholds calculated in this study delineate a sequence of increasingly challenges to the developing reader, allowing a nuanced description of the initial stages of reading development.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Reading and Writing
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? neuropsychology and physiological psychologyeducationlinguistics and languagespeech and hearing ??
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Deposited On:
17 Jun 2024 13:35
In Press
Last Modified:
16 Jul 2024 01:18