Shabuz, Zillur R and Garthwaite, Paul H
(2019)
*Contribution of individual variables to the regression sum of squares.*
Model Assisted Statistics and Applications, 14 (4).
pp. 281-296.
ISSN 1574-1699

## Abstract

In applications of multiple regression, one of the most common goals is to measure the relative importance of each predictor variable. If the predictors are uncorrelated, quantification of relative importance is simple and unique. However, in practice, predictor variables are typically correlated and there is no unique measure of a predictor variable’s relative importance. Using a transformation to orthogonality, new measures are constructed for evaluating the contribution of individual variables to a regression sum of squares. The transformation yields an orthogonal approximation of the columns of the predictor scores matrix and it maximizes the sum of the covariances between the cross-product of individual regressors and the response variable and the cross-product of the transformed orthogonal regressors and the response variable. The new measures are compared with three previously proposed measures through examples and the properties of the measures are examined.