Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances and the associated thyroid cancer risk : A case-control study in China

Li, H. and Yang, M. and Yang, J. and Seery, S. and Ma, C. and Liu, Y. and Zhang, X. and Li, A. and Guo, H. (2023) Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances and the associated thyroid cancer risk : A case-control study in China. Chemosphere, 337: 139411. ISSN 0045-6535

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The role of perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) as thyroid carcinogens is unclear. Therefore, we intended to identify associations between each PFAS congener and their mixture with thyroid cancer risk. This case-control study of thyroid cancer was conducted in Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province, China. Three hundred participants were recruited from January to May 2022 and were matched according to sex and age. Twelve PFAS were assessed using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Associations between PFAS congeners and thyroid cancer risk were considered under conditional logistic regression analysis and a restricted cubic spline model. Mixture effects were also assessed with quantile g-computation and a Bayesian kernel machine regression model. Compared to the first tertile, third tertile PFOA, PFNA, PFHxS, PFDA, and PFUnDA concentrations were associated with lower thyroid cancer risk (ORPFOA: 0.32, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.15–0.69; ORPFNA: 0.18, 95% CI: 0.07–0.46; ORPFHxS: 0.37, 95% CI: 0.15–0.92; ORPFDA: 0.07, 95% CI: 0.02–0.23; ORPFUnDA: 0.12, 95% CI: 0.05–0.30) after adjusting for confounding factors. PFNA, PFDA, and PFUnDA had a negative dose-response relationship with thyroid cancer risk. Mixture analysis also showed that thyroid cancer risk is negatively associated with the overall mixture and carboxylates. In the overall mixture, PFOS and PFDA contributed most to positive and negative changes in thyroid cancer risk, respectively. However, PFOS, PFNA, PFDA, and PFUnDA were of equally high importance. This study is the first to confirm the effects of the PFAS mixture on thyroid cancer, and further large-scale prospective studies are still warranted to test these inverse associations.

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?? environmental chemistrygeneral chemistrychemistry(all) ??
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14 Jun 2024 11:20
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16 Jul 2024 12:04