Bisphenol A sorption on commercial polyvinyl chloride microplastics : Effects of UV-aging, biofilm colonization and additives on plastic behaviour in the environment.

Chen, Xiaoxin and Chen, Chang-Er and Cheng, Shengming and Sweetman, Andrew J. (2024) Bisphenol A sorption on commercial polyvinyl chloride microplastics : Effects of UV-aging, biofilm colonization and additives on plastic behaviour in the environment. Environmental Pollution, 356: 124218. ISSN 0269-7491

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Abstract

Chemical additives are important components in commercial microplastics and their leaching behaviour has been widely studied. However, little is known about the potential effect of additives on the adsorption/desorption behaviour of pollutants on microplastics and their subsequent role as vectors for pollutant transport in the environment. In this study, two types of commercial polyvinyl chloride (PVC1 and PVC2) microplastics were aged by UV irradiation and biotic modification via biofilm colonization to investigate the adsorption and desorption behaviour of bisphenol A (BPA). Surface cracks and new functional groups (e.g., O–H) were found on PVC1 after UV irradiation, which increased available adsorption sites and enhanced H‒bonding interaction, resulting in an adsorption capacity increase from 1.28 μg/L to 1.85 μg/L. However, the adsorption and desorption capacity not showed significant changes for PVC2, which might be related to the few characteristic changes after UV aging with the protection of light stabilizers and antioxidants. The adsorption capacity ranged from 1.28 μg/L to 2.06 μg/L for PVC1 and PVC2 microplastics, and increased to 1.62 μg/L—2.95 μg/L after colonization by biofilms. The increased adsorption ability might be related to the N–H functional group, amide groups generated by microorganisms enhancing the affinity for BPA. The opposite effect was observed for desorption. Plasticizers can be metabolized during biofilm formation processes and might play an important role in microorganism colonization. In addition, antioxidants and UV stabilizers might also indirectly influence the colonization of microorganisms’ on microplastics by controlling the degree to which PVC microplastics age under UV. The amount of biomass loading on the microplastics would further alter the adsorption/desorption behaviour of contaminants. This study provides important new insights into the evaluation of the fate of plastic particles in natural environments.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Environmental Pollution
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Research Output Funding/no_not_funded
Subjects:
?? no - not fundedpollutionhealth, toxicology and mutagenesistoxicology ??
ID Code:
221273
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
12 Jun 2024 08:55
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
16 Jul 2024 01:17