The financing of small firms in Beijing, China : Exploring the extent of credit constraints

Wang, Jia and Robson, Paul and Freel, Mark (2015) The financing of small firms in Beijing, China : Exploring the extent of credit constraints. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 22 (3). pp. 397-416. ISSN 1462-6004

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Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to utilise a sample of 384 small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) who applied for external finance in the Beijing area of China to investigate the characteristics of firms against: the amount of external finance sought, the amount received, and the proportion of external finance which was received from the sought finance. Design/methodology/approach – The authors use a survey of SMEs in Beijing, China, undertaken between July and December 2007 where a response rate of 37.67 per cent was obtained. The survey was translated from English to Chinese, and then back translated from Chinese to English by academics with input from businesses. The sample of 384 firms is robust. Findings – Overall, there is little evidence in the sample of Chinese SMEs that innovative firms face discrimination from providers of credit. However, where innovation is measured by inputs (specifically R&D), providers of credit appear less comfortable. Three other factors were more important and were statistically significant at the 5 per cent level. For example, exporters were less likely to receive a greater proportion of their sought finance; and manufacturing firms were more likely than service sector firms, and limited liability companies were more likely than extended sole proprietorship firms to obtain a greater proportion of the external finance which they sought. Research limitations/implications – The sample for the research is from Beijing. Researchers may extent and role out the research to other parts of China. Practical implications – Practically, the authors explore variations in firm-level characteristics by: the amount of external finance sought, the amount of external finance received, and the ratio of “sought” to “received” external finance. In this way, the research questions are concerned with understanding which “types” of firms seek most bank finance, and which are most successful. This information is of benefit to SMEs, policy makers and those who work in the finance industry. Social implications – Access to finance is a cause of stress and anxiety to many SMEs. A greater understanding of the accessing of finance in Beijing China will allow entrepreneurs to be better placed to reflect upon their businesses and their suitability to pursue finance. This can help the economic and social well-being of entrepreneurs and their employees. Originality/value – There are comparatively few large scale surveys which have been undertaken of access to finance by SMEs in China, and within this field there is very little research which has been undertaken to look at innovators and non-innovators. The results allow us to have a better understanding of how much finance SMEs in Beijing are seeking, obtaining, and the proportion of finance received from that sought, and the extent to which innovation and other business and owner-manager characteristics are influential.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development
Additional Information:
Publisher Copyright: ©Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1400/1401
Subjects:
?? beijingchinafinanceinnovationbusiness, management and accounting (miscellaneous)strategy and managementbusiness, management and accounting(all) ??
ID Code:
221245
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
10 Jun 2024 15:05
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
11 Jun 2024 02:35