Beam Dynamics Framework Incorporating Acceleration to Define the Minimum Aperture in Two Focusing Schemes for Proton Radiotherapy Linac

Southerby, Matthew and Apsimon, Rob (2024) Beam Dynamics Framework Incorporating Acceleration to Define the Minimum Aperture in Two Focusing Schemes for Proton Radiotherapy Linac. Physical Review Accelerators and Beams, 27 (6): 064401. ISSN 2469-9888

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Abstract

In this paper, a self-consistent transverse beam dynamics framework is demonstrated, that incorporates acceleration into the transverse beam dynamics studies for a proton linac machine. Two focusing schemes are developed and discussed; the FODO-like scheme, and the minimum aperture scheme. The FODO-like scheme is a simple scheme, requiring only one quadrupole per cavity. The scheme is analytically solved to minimise the beam size at the cavity entrance/exit and ensures a constant beam size along the lattice, with respect to adiabatic damping due to longitudinally accelerating rf cavities. The minimum aperture scheme describes the regime that matches the beam ellipse to the acceptance ellipse of a cavity, allowing for the smallest possible aperture, for a given cavity length. A simple approximation of an rf cavity map is determined to allow changes in particle energy along a lattice, and acceleration is assumed only in the longitudinal direction.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Physical Review Accelerators and Beams
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Research Output Funding/yes_externally_funded
Subjects:
?? yes - externally funded ??
ID Code:
221158
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
06 Jun 2024 14:15
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
20 Jun 2024 13:15