The UK’s ‘Safe and Legal (Humanitarian) Routes’ : From Colonial Ties to Privatising Protection

Benson, Michaela and Sigona, Nando and Zambelli, Elena (2024) The UK’s ‘Safe and Legal (Humanitarian) Routes’ : From Colonial Ties to Privatising Protection. The Political Quarterly, 95 (2). ISSN 0032-3179

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Abstract

In this paper, we evaluate the UK’s ‘safe and legal (humanitarian) routes’, consider how they are positioned in the post-Brexit migration regime, and how these domestic provisions compare to those underwritten by international protections. We focus in particular on the Hong Kong BN(O) and Ukraine visa schemes, which combined account for the vast majority of those arriving in the UK for the purposes of humanitarian protections since Brexit. Despite being formally presented under the same banner, as we outline the schemes have significant differences in terms of eligibility criteria, costs and rights and entitlements. Moreover, on closer inspection while they share an overarching policy vision informed by foreign policy priorities, these new provisions are underpinned by different genealogies and policy logics. While the Hong Kong BN(O) scheme is rooted in the tradition of ancestry visas and colonial entanglements, and requires that potential beneficiaries pay for protections, the Ukrainian schemes are more closely aligned with recent refugee resettlement schemes and share with them the push towards greater involvement of private and community stakeholders in humanitarian protection.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
The Political Quarterly
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Research Output Funding/yes_externally_funded
Subjects:
?? yes - externally fundedsociology and political science ??
ID Code:
220723
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
29 May 2024 10:00
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
15 Jun 2024 00:36