Hydrogen storage methods by lithium borohydride

Openshaw, D. and Lang, W.T. and Goldstone, L. and Wildsmith, J. and Freeman, B. and Bagnato, G. (2024) Hydrogen storage methods by lithium borohydride. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 69. pp. 1188-1198. ISSN 0360-3199

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Abstract

This paper addresses the urgent need for efficient hydrogen storage methods in the context of combating climate change and transitioning to sustainable energy sources. Among various storage options, LiBH4 is highlighted for its high volumetric and gravimetric energy densities, critical factors in determining its suitability for energy applications. However, challenges arise due to its high thermolysis temperature, which poses difficulties, especially in applications like automotive use where high temperatures are required. The commercial viability of LiBH4 remains a significant obstacle due to the nascent stage of chemical hydride technology and the absence of large-scale production facilities. Environmental concerns also loom large, as the production of LiBH4 relies on extensive mining of lithium and boron, known for their environmental impact. Furthermore, the economic feasibility of LiBH4 as a hydrogen storage medium is questioned, given the substantial portion of total expenses attributed to hydrogen costs, affecting all methods except those based on fossil fuels or electricity. Nevertheless, there is optimism that with technological advancements and improved infrastructure, the costs associated with LiBH4 and hydrogen storage overall may decrease over time. In conclusion, while LiBH4 presents promising energy density characteristics, its practical implementation faces challenges such as high production costs, environmental concerns, and technological limitations. Overcoming these obstacles is crucial for realizing a sustainable and carbon-free energy landscape driven by hydrogen.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Additional Information:
Export Date: 23 May 2024 CODEN: IJHED Correspondence Address: Bagnato, G.; KORE Group, United Kingdom; email: g.bagnato@lancaster.ac.uk
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2100/2102
Subjects:
?? energy engineering and power technologycondensed matter physicsfuel technologyrenewable energy, sustainability and the environment ??
ID Code:
220423
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
23 May 2024 10:05
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
05 Jun 2024 03:00