The Turnbull correlation and the freezing of stratospheric aerosol droplets.

MacKenzie, A. Robert and Laaksonen, Ari and Batris, Evangelos and Kulmala, Markku (1998) The Turnbull correlation and the freezing of stratospheric aerosol droplets. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 103 (D9). pp. 10875-10884. ISSN 0747-7309

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An empirical correlation that is important in the calculation of homogeneous freezing probabilities, the “Turnbull correlation” for interfacial tensions, has been reevaluated and applied to systems of interest as possible components of polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs). The systems studied were: sulphuric acid solutions freezing to water ice and sulphuric acid tetrahydrate (SAT); and nitric acid solutions freezing to nitric acid trihydrate (NAT) and nitric acid dihydrate (NAD). The calculations have been compared to experimental data: agreement is generally good, although aerosol freezing experiments, which would rigorously test the theory, have not been made for NAT. Of the three measurements of aerosol freezing to NAD, the calculations are closer to those measurements showing a lower freezing temperature, of about 175–177 K. The comparison substantially improves our confidence in our understanding of the mechanisms of PSC formation. Freezing of stratospheric aerosol to water ice remains the most plausible first step in solid-particle PSC formation if homogeneous freezing is the mechanism by which solid-particle PSC formation occurs.

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Journal Article
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Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
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10 Feb 2009 13:53
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18 Sep 2023 00:08