Laboratory dissolution studies of rocks from the Borrowdale volcanic group (English Lake District).

Stidson, R. and Hamilton-Taylor, John and Tipping, E. (2002) Laboratory dissolution studies of rocks from the Borrowdale volcanic group (English Lake District). Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 138 (1-4). pp. 335-358. ISSN 0049-6979

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Laboratory studies were conducted to investigate the rates ofrelease of Na, Mg, Al, Si, K, Ca and Fe from 10 samples of metamorphosed igneous rock of the Borrowdale Volcanic Group (BVG), consisting mainly of plagioclase feldspars, chlorite andquartz, with minor amounts of hornblende, epidote and carbonates.Experiments were performed using freshly-prepared rock pieces (ca. 12 mm cubes), in batch mode, but with frequent changes of the solution phase so that accumulation of dissolved solutes wasminimised. The initial element release rates were relatively high, but declined with time to reach approximate (pseudo-) steady state conditions. Element release rates declined withpH in the pH range 2–7, the dependence upon pH decreasing in the order Al Fe > Si > Mg Ca > K Na. Thepseudo-steady state rates for Si were comparable to steady state values for single minerals. Calcium showed the greatestsample-to-sample variation (more than 100-fold). Rock dissolutionwas far from stoichiometric, with Ca and Mg being present in thesolution phase in proportions greater than in the rock, and Al and Si in lower proportions. In some samples the release rates ofMg and Ca were equal, while in others the Ca rate was up to 100times that of Mg. The rate of release of Ca is correlated with the carbonate content of the rocks. The results indicate that the main source of Ca in the faster-dissolving samples is calcite, while the highest release rates of Mg are consistent with dissolution of dolomite. Aluminium, Si and Fe are probablyreleased predominantly from chlorite. The results are discussed in terms of the supply of base cations to stream waters drainingcatchments underlain by rocks of the BVG.

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Water, Air, and Soil Pollution
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16 Jan 2009 14:12
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21 Nov 2022 18:47