Temporal variability in phosphorus transfers: classifying concentration-discharge event dynamics.

Haygarth, P. and Turner, B. and Fraser, A. and Jarvis, S. and Harrod, T. and Nash, D. and Halliwell, D. and Page, T. and Beven, Keith J. (2004) Temporal variability in phosphorus transfers: classifying concentration-discharge event dynamics. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8 (1). pp. 88-97. ISSN 1027-5606

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Abstract

The importance of temporal variability in relationships between phosphorus (P) concentration (Cp) and discharge (Q) is linked to a simple means of classifying the circumstances of Cp–Q relationships in terms of functional types of response. New experimental data at the upstream interface of grassland soil and catchment systems at a range of scales (lysimeters to headwaters) in England and Australia are used to demonstrate the potential of such an approach. Three types of event are defined as Types 1–3, depending on whether the relative change in Q exceeds the relative change in Cp (Type 1), whether Cp and Q are positively inter-related (Type 2) and whether Cp varies yet Q is unchanged (Type 3). The classification helps to characterise circumstances that can be explained mechanistically in relation to (i) the scale of the study (with a tendency towards Type 1 in small scale lysimeters), (ii) the form of P with a tendency for Type 1 for soluble (i.e., <0.45 μm P forms) and (iii) the sources of P with Type 3 dominant where P availability overrides transport controls. This simple framework provides a basis for development of a more complex and quantitative classification of Cp–Q relationships that can be developed further to contribute to future models of P transfer and delivery from slope to stream. Studies that evaluate the temporal dynamics of the transfer of P are currently grossly under-represented in comparison with models based on static/spatial factors.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Hydrology and Earth System Sciences
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/libraryofcongress/ge
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 21318
Deposited By: ep_ss_importer
Deposited On: 09 Jan 2009 08:56
Refereed?: No
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2019 02:09
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/21318

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