The Competition Between Processing and Discourse-Pragmatic Factors in Children's and Adults' Production of Adverbial

Zhang, Shijie and Junge, Bianca and Lieven, Elena and Brandt, Silke and Theakston, Anna (2023) The Competition Between Processing and Discourse-Pragmatic Factors in Children's and Adults' Production of Adverbial. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 66 (12). pp. 5048-5060. ISSN 1092-4388

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Abstract

This is the first study to investigate the combined effects of processing-based factors (i.e., clause length and clause order) and discourse-pragmatic factors (i.e., information structure) on children's and adults' production of adverbial -clauses. In a sentence repetition task, 16 three-year-old and 16 five-year-old children as well as 17 adults listened to and watched an animated story and then were asked to repeat what they had just heard and seen. Each story contained an adverbial -clause and its main clause. The sentences were manipulated for their clause order, information structure, and clause length. Adults tended to change main- clause orders to -main in their repetitions, and they showed a strong preference for the given-new order of information. In contrast, 3-year-olds tended to change -main clause orders to main- , and they showed a preference for the new-given order of information. In addition, 3-year-olds tended to produce short-long clause orders irrespective of what they had heard, whereas adults produced both short-long and long-short orders in line with the input. In general, 5-year-olds were more adultlike in their production compared to 3-year-olds. Young children were strongly affected by processing-based factors in their production of complex sentences. They tended to order main and -clauses in a way that requires less planning and processing load. However, they have not yet attained an adultlike sensitivity to discourse-pragmatic factors.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Research Output Funding/yes_externally_funded
Subjects:
?? yes - externally fundedyesspeech and hearing ??
ID Code:
202973
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
01 Sep 2023 10:35
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
16 Jul 2024 00:07