P02 Strategies for Older People living in care homes to prevent Urinary Tract Infection: the ‘StOP UTI’ realist synthesis of evidence

Prieto, Jacqui and Wilson, Jennie and Tingle, Alison and Cooper, Emily and Handley, Melanie and Rycroft-Malone, Jo and Bostock, Jennifer and Loveday, Heather (2023) P02 Strategies for Older People living in care homes to prevent Urinary Tract Infection: the ‘StOP UTI’ realist synthesis of evidence. JAC-Antimicrobial Resistance, 5 (Supple): dlad077.00. ISSN 2632-1823

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Abstract

Background Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most diagnosed infection in older people living in care homes, accounting for more than 50% of antibiotic prescriptions in this setting. Older people often present with non-specific or atypical symptoms, which may have other origins and are difficult for care home staff to interpret. Objectives To identify interventions that could be effective for preventing and recognizing UTI in older people living in care homes in the UK and explore the mechanisms by which they work, for whom and under what circumstances. Methods A synthesis of evidence using a realist approach was undertaken to develop, test and refine programme theories, which are the units of analysis within the realist approach. These were expressed as context + mechanism=outcome configurations (CMOc). Their practical relevance and potential for implementation was established through consultation with stakeholders and teacher-learner interviews. Results We identified nine CMOc, which describe what needs to happen in care homes to facilitate improvement in practice for the prevention and recognition of UTI. These were arranged under three theory areas: (i) supporting accurate recognition of UTI; (ii) preventing UTI and catheter-associated UTI; and (iii) the infrastructure and systems required to make best practice happen. Our programme theories draw on evidence from a range of areas including infection prevention and control, antimicrobial stewardship, leadership and safety culture in care homes and person-centred care. The findings suggest a whole care team approach, involving residents, their family carers, care home staff and visiting health professionals is needed to develop and implement strategies to improve UTI prevention and recognition. Support at system level, with regulatory and inspection frameworks aligned to evidence on prevention and recognition of UTI, is imperative to ensure the resources and infrastructure are available to enable care home managers and their staff to prioritize this as part of person-centred care. Conclusions Our findings have identified the active components of strategies that are effective in preventing and recognizing UTI in older people living in care homes and will help guide delivery of future improvement programmes and research.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
JAC-Antimicrobial Resistance
Subjects:
?? microbiology (medical)infectious diseasesimmunology and allergymicrobiologyimmunology ??
ID Code:
202026
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
22 Aug 2023 09:05
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
23 Jun 2024 01:37