Evidential Network Modeling for Cyber-Physical System State Inference.

Friedberg, Ivo and Hong, Xin and McLaughlin, Kieran and Smith, Paul and Miller, Paul C. (2017) Evidential Network Modeling for Cyber-Physical System State Inference. IEEE Access, 5. pp. 17149-17164. ISSN 2169-3536

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Cyber-physical systems (CPSs) have dependability requirements that are associated with controlling a physical process. Cyber-attacks can result in those requirements not being met. Consequently, it is important to monitor a CPS in order to identify deviations from normal operation. A major challenge is inferring the cause of these deviations in a trustworthy manner. This is necessary to support the implementation of correct and timely control decisions, in order to mitigate cyber-attacks and other causes of reduced dependability. This paper presents evidential networks as a solution to this problem. Through the evaluation of a representative use case for cyber-physical control systems, this paper shows novel approaches to integrate low-level sensors of different types, in particular those for cyber-attack detection, and reliabilities into evidential networks. The results presented indicate that evidential networks can identify system states with an accuracy that is comparable to approaches that use classical Bayesian probabilities to describe causality. However, in addition, evidential networks provide information about the uncertainty of a derived system state, which is a significant benefit, as it can be used to build trust in the results of automatic reasoning systems.

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Journal Article
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IEEE Access
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07 Aug 2023 15:50
Last Modified:
20 Sep 2023 02:02