Utilising high-dimensional data in randomised clinical trials : a review of methods and practice

Cherlin, Svetlana and Bigirumurame, Theophile and Grayling, Michael and Nsengimana, Jeremie and Ouma, Luke and Santaolalla, Aida and Wan, Fang and Williamson, Faye and Wason, James (2023) Utilising high-dimensional data in randomised clinical trials : a review of methods and practice. Research Methods in Medicine & Health Sciences.

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Abstract

Introduction Even in effectively conducted randomised trials, the probability of a successful study remains relatively low. With recent advances in the next-generation sequencing technologies, there is a rapidly growing number of high-dimensional data, including genetic, molecular and phenotypic information, that have improved our understanding of driver genes, drug targets, and drug mechanisms of action. The leveraging of high-dimensional data holds promise for increased success of clinical trials. Methods We provide an overview of methods for utilising high-dimensional data in clinical trials. We also investigate the use of these methods in practice through a review of recently published randomised clinical trials that utilise high-dimensional genetic data. The review includes articles that were published between 2019 and 2021, identified through the PubMed database. Results Out of 174 screened articles, 100 (57.5%) were randomised clinical trials that collected high-dimensional data. The most common clinical area was oncology (30%), followed by chronic diseases (28%), nutrition and ageing (18%) and cardiovascular diseases (7%). The most common types of data analysed were gene expression data (70%), followed by DNA data (21%). The most common method of analysis (36.3%) was univariable analysis. Articles that described multivariable analyses used standard statistical methods. Most of the clinical trials had two arms. Discussion New methodological approaches are required for more efficient analysis of the increasing amount of high-dimensional data collected in randomised clinical trials. We highlight the limitations and barriers to the current use of high-dimensional data in trials, and suggest potential avenues for improvement and future work.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Research Methods in Medicine & Health Sciences
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Research Output Funding/yes_externally_funded
Subjects:
?? yes - externally funded ??
ID Code:
200098
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
24 Aug 2023 12:15
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
25 Jun 2024 01:53