PhishCatcher : Client-Side Defense Against Web Spoofing Attacks Using Machine Learning

Ahmed, Muzammil and Altamimi, Ahmed B. and Khan, Wilayat and Alsaffar, Mohammad and Ahmad, Aakash and Khan, Zawar Hussain and Alreshidi, Abdulrahman (2023) PhishCatcher : Client-Side Defense Against Web Spoofing Attacks Using Machine Learning. IEEE Access, 11. pp. 61249-61263. ISSN 2169-3536

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Cyber security confronts a tremendous challenge of maintaining the confidentiality and integrity of user’s private information such as password and PIN code. Billions of users are exposed daily to fake login pages requesting secret information. There are many ways to trick a user to visit a web page such as, phishing mails, tempting advertisements, click-jacking, malware, SQL injection, session hijacking, man-in-the-middle, denial of service and cross-site scripting attacks. Web spoofing or phishing is an electronic trick in which the attacker constructs a malicious copy of a legitimate web page and request users’ private information such as password. To counter such exploits, researchers have proposed several security strategies but they face latency and accuracy issues. To overcome such issues, we propose and develop client-side defence mechanism based on machine learning techniques to detect spoofed web pages and protect users from phishing attacks. As a proof of concept, a Google Chrome extension dubbed as PhishCatcher , is developed that implements our machine learning algorithm that classifies a URL as suspicious or trustful. The algorithm takes four different types of web features as input and then random forest classifier decides whether a login web page is spoofed or not. To assess the accuracy and precision of the extension, multiple experiments were carried on real web applications. The experimental results show remarkable accuracy of 98.5% and precision as 98.5% from the trials performed on 400 classified phished and 400 legitimate URLs. Furthermore, to measure the latency of our tool, we performed experiments over forty phished URLs. The average recorded response time of PhishCatcher was just 62.5 milliseconds.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
IEEE Access
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? general engineeringgeneral materials sciencegeneral computer scienceelectrical and electronic engineeringengineering(all)computer science(all)materials science(all) ??
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Deposited On:
17 Jul 2023 10:10
Last Modified:
28 Nov 2023 10:37