Rank change and growth within social hierarchies of the orange clownfish, Amphiprion percula

Fitzgerald, L. M. and Harrison, Hugo and Coker, D. J. and Sáenz-Agudelo, P. and Srinivasan, M. and Majoris, J. E. and Einarsson, L. Boström and Pujol, B. and Bennett-Smith, M. and Thorrold, S. R. and Planes, S. and Jones, G. P. and Berumen, M. L. (2022) Rank change and growth within social hierarchies of the orange clownfish, Amphiprion percula. Marine Biology, 169. ISSN 0025-3162

Full text not available from this repository.


Social hierarchies within groups define the distribution of resources and provide benefits that support the collective group or favor dominant members. The progression of individuals through social hierarchies is a valuable characteristic for quantifying population dynamics. On coral reefs, some clownfish maintain size-based hierarchical communities where individuals queue through social ranks. The cost of waiting in a lower-ranked position is outweighed by the reduced risk of eviction and mortality. The orange clownfish, Amphiprion percula, maintains stable social groups with subordinate individuals queuing to be part of the dominant breeding pair. Strong association with their host anemone, complex social interactions, and relatively low predation rates make them ideal model organisms to assess changes in group dynamics through time in their natural environment. Here, we investigate the rank changes and isometric growth rates of A. percula from 247 naturally occurring social groups in Kimbe Island, Papua New Guinea (5° 12′ 13.54″ S, 150° 22′ 32.69″ E). We used DNA profiling to assign and track individuals over eight years between 2011 and 2019. Over half of the individuals survived alongside two or three members of their original social group, with twelve breeding pairs persisting over the study period. Half of the surviving individuals increased in rank and experienced double the growth rate of those that maintained their rank. Examining rank change in a wild fish population provides new insights into the complex social hierarchies of reef fishes and their role in social evolution.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Marine Biology
Uncontrolled Keywords:
ID Code:
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
13 Jun 2023 08:05
Last Modified:
18 Sep 2023 02:14