Understanding the relationship between oral health and psychosis : qualitative analysis

Turner, Elizabeth and Berry, Katherine and Quinlivan, Leah and Shiers, David and Aggarwal, Vishal and Palmier-Claus, Jasper (2023) Understanding the relationship between oral health and psychosis : qualitative analysis. BJPsych Open, 9 (3): e59. ISSN 2056-4724

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Background Individuals with psychosis have poor oral health compared with the general population. The interaction between oral health and psychosis is likely to be complex and have important ramifications for improving dental and mental health outcomes. However, this relationship is poorly understood and rarely studied using qualitative methods. Aims To explore patient perspectives on the relationship between oral health and psychosis. Method The authors recruited 19 people with experiences of psychosis from community mental health teams, early intervention in psychosis services, and rehabilitation units. Participants completed a qualitative interview. Transcripts were analysed with reflexive thematic analysis. Results The analysis resulted in three themes: theme 1, psychosis creates barriers to good oral health, including a detachment from reality, the threat of unusual experiences and increased use of substances; theme 2, the effects of poor oral health in psychosis, with ramifications for self-identify and social relationships; and theme 3, systems for psychosis influence oral health, with central roles for formal and informal support networks. Conclusions Psychosis was perceived to affect adherence to oral health self-care behaviours and overall oral health. Poor oral health negatively affected self-identity and social relationships. Clinical implications include a systemic approach to provide early intervention and prevention of the sequelae of dental disease, which lead to tooth loss and impaired oral function and aesthetics, which in turn affect mental health. Participants felt that mental health services play an important role in supporting people with oral health.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
BJPsych Open
?? psychiatry and mental health ??
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Deposited On:
02 Jun 2023 14:35
Last Modified:
15 Jul 2024 23:45