Catalog of noninteracting tight-binding models with two energy bands in one dimension

McCann, Edward (2023) Catalog of noninteracting tight-binding models with two energy bands in one dimension. Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 107 (24): 245401. ISSN 2469-9950

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We classify Hermitian tight-binding models describing noninteracting electrons on a one-dimensional periodic lattice with two energy bands. To do this, we write a generalized Rice-Mele model with two orbitals per unit cell, including all possible complex-valued long-range hoppings consistent with Hermicity. We then apply different forms of time-reversal, charge-conjugation, and chiral symmetry in order to constrain the parameters, resulting in an array of possible models in different symmetry classes. For each symmetry class, we define a single, canonical form of the Hamiltonian and identify models that are related to the canonical form by an off-diagonal unitary transformation in the atomic basis. The models have either symmorphic or nonsymmorphic nonspatial symmetries (time T, chiral, and charge-conjugation). The nonsymmorphic category separates into two types of state of matter: an insulator with a Z2 topological index in the absence of nonsymmorphic time-reversal symmetry or, in the presence of nonsymmorphic time-reversal symmetry, a metallic state. The latter is an instance of Kramer's degeneracy with one degeneracy point in the Brillouin zone as opposed to no degeneracy points in symmorphic systems with T2=1 and two in symmorphic systems with T2=−1.

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Journal Article
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Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
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01 Jun 2023 15:45
Last Modified:
15 Jul 2024 23:51