Holding AI to Account : Challenges for the Delivery of Trustworthy AI in Healthcare

Procter, Rob and Tolmie, Peter and Rouncefield, Mark (2023) Holding AI to Account : Challenges for the Delivery of Trustworthy AI in Healthcare. ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction, 30 (2): 2. pp. 1-34. ISSN 1073-0516

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The need for AI systems to provide explanations for their behaviour is now widely recognised as key to their adoption. In this article, we examine the problem of trustworthy AI and explore what delivering this means in practice, with a focus on healthcare applications. Work in this area typically treats trustworthy AI as a problem of Human–Computer Interaction involving the individual user and an AI system. However, we argue here that this overlooks the important part played by organisational accountability in how people reason about and trust AI in socio-technical settings. To illustrate the importance of organisational accountability, we present findings from ethnographic studies of breast cancer screening and cancer treatment planning in multidisciplinary team meetings to show how participants made themselves accountable both to each other and to the organisations of which they are members. We use these findings to enrich existing understandings of the requirements for trustworthy AI and to outline some candidate solutions to the problems of making AI accountable both to individual users and organisationally. We conclude by outlining the implications of this for future work on the development of trustworthy AI, including ways in which our proposed solutions may be re-used in different application settings.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? human-computer interactionhuman-computer interaction ??
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Deposited On:
15 May 2023 15:50
Last Modified:
15 Jul 2024 23:45