Expression of GIMAP1, a GTPase of the immunity-associated protein family, is not up-regulated in malaria

Saunders, Amy and Lamb, Tracey and Pascall, John and Hutchings, Amanda and Dion, Carine and Carter, Christine and Hepburn, Lucy and Langhorne, Jean and Butcher, Geoffrey W (2009) Expression of GIMAP1, a GTPase of the immunity-associated protein family, is not up-regulated in malaria. Malaria Journal, 8. ISSN 1475-2875

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BACKGROUND: GIMAP (GTPase of the immunity-associated protein family) proteins are a family of putative GTPases believed to be regulators of cell death in lymphomyeloid cells. GIMAP1 was the first reported member of this gene family, identified as a gene up-regulated at the RNA level in the spleens of mice infected with the malarial parasite, Plasmodium chabaudi. METHODS: A monoclonal antibody against mouse GIMAP1 was developed and was used to analyse the expression of the endogenous protein in tissues of normal mice and in defined sub-populations of cells prepared from lymphoid tissues using flow cytometry. It was also used to assess the expression of GIMAP1 protein after infection and/or immunization of mice with P. chabaudi. Real-time PCR analysis was employed to measure the expression of GIMAP1 for comparison with the protein level analysis. RESULTS: GIMAP1 protein expression was detected in all lineages of lymphocytes (T, B, NK), in F4/80+ splenic macrophages and in some lymphoid cell lines. Additional evidence is presented suggesting that the strong expression by mature B cells of GIMAP1 and other GIMAP genes and proteins seen in mice may be a species-dependent characteristic. Unexpectedly, no increase was found in the expression of GIMAP1 in P. chabaudi infected mice at either the mRNA or protein level, and this remained so despite applying a number of variations to the protocol. CONCLUSION: The model of up-regulation of GIMAP1 in response to infection/immunization with P. chabaudi is not a robustly reproducible experimental system. The GIMAP1 protein is widely expressed in lymphoid cells, with an interesting increase in expression in the later stages of B cell development. Alternative approaches will be required to define the functional role of this GTPase in immune cells.

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Journal Article
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Malaria Journal
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02 May 2023 12:30
Last Modified:
16 Sep 2023 02:41