How do caregivers of children living with HIV/AIDS cope, and where do they get support?:A qualitative study in Ghana

Atanuriba, Gideon Awenabisa and Apiribu, Felix and Laari, Timothy Tienbia and Boamah Bonsu, Adwoa Bemah and Dzomeku, Veronica Millicent and Afaya, Richard Adongo and Salifu, Yakubu and Amooba, Philemon Adoliwine (2023) How do caregivers of children living with HIV/AIDS cope, and where do they get support?:A qualitative study in Ghana. Lifestyle Medicine, 4 (2). ISSN 2688-3740

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Background Caring for children living with human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is challenging and has a tremendous impact on the physical and psychological health of caregivers. Caregivers of children with HIV/AIDS need to adopt coping mechanisms to navigate these complexities as it influences the quality of care provided. The literature on coping strategies and support (formal and informal) available to caregivers of children living with HIV/AIDS is scant. This study aimed to explore the coping strategies and support systems for caregivers of children living with HIV/AIDS. Methods A phenomenological study design was adopted. A total of nine participants across three hospitals in the Tamale metropolis were interviewed using purposive sampling. The interviews were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using Colaizzi's approach. Results Four main themes emerged from the analyses: (1) coping strategies, (2) types of support activities, (3) support from informal institutions and (4) support from formal institutions. The caregivers navigated the caring process with much spiritual coping. The caregivers had little or no support from informal institutions such as immediate family, faith and community leaders. Non-governmental organizations were not visible in support, and there were no support groups for caregivers. Conclusion Support for caregivers and the active involvement of the immediate family in paediatric HIV care is imperative.

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Journal Article
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Lifestyle Medicine
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Deposited On:
18 Apr 2023 10:40
Last Modified:
18 Sep 2023 02:13