Giant magnetoresistance of Dirac plasma in high-mobility graphene

Xin, Na and Lourembam, James and Kumaravadivel, Piranavan and Kazantsev, A. E. and Wu, Zefei and Mullan, Ciaran and Barrier, Julien and Geim, Alexandra A. and Grigorieva, I. V. and Mishchenko, A. and Principi, A. and Fal’ko, V. I. and Ponomarenko, L. A. and Geim, A. K. and Berdyugin, Alexey I. (2023) Giant magnetoresistance of Dirac plasma in high-mobility graphene. Nature, 616 (7956). pp. 270-274. ISSN 0028-0836

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The most recognizable feature of graphene’s electronic spectrum is its Dirac point, around which interesting phenomena tend to cluster. At low temperatures, the intrinsic behaviour in this regime is often obscured by charge inhomogeneity1, 2 but thermal excitations can overcome the disorder at elevated temperatures and create an electron–hole plasma of Dirac fermions. The Dirac plasma has been found to exhibit unusual properties, including quantum-critical scattering3–5 and hydrodynamic flow6–8. However, little is known about the plasma’s behaviour in magnetic fields. Here we report magnetotransport in this quantum-critical regime. In low fields, the plasma exhibits giant parabolic magnetoresistivity reaching more than 100 per cent in a magnetic field of 0.1 tesla at room temperature. This is orders-of-magnitude higher than magnetoresistivity found in any other system at such temperatures. We show that this behaviour is unique to monolayer graphene, being underpinned by its massless spectrum and ultrahigh mobility, despite frequent (Planckian limit) scattering3–5, 9–14. With the onset of Landau quantization in a magnetic field of a few tesla, where the electron–hole plasma resides entirely on the zeroth Landau level, giant linear magnetoresistivity emerges. It is nearly independent of temperature and can be suppressed by proximity screening15, indicating a many-body origin. Clear parallels with magnetotransport in strange metals12–14 and so-called quantum linear magnetoresistance predicted for Weyl metals16 offer an interesting opportunity to further explore relevant physics using this well defined quantum-critical two-dimensional system.

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17 Apr 2023 15:35
Last Modified:
21 Sep 2023 03:25