Suppression of Back-Tunneling Events in Hybrid Single-Electron Turnstiles by Source-Drain Bias Modulation

Marín-Suárez, Marco and Pashkin, Yuri and Peltonen, Joonas T. and Pekola, Jukka P. (2023) Suppression of Back-Tunneling Events in Hybrid Single-Electron Turnstiles by Source-Drain Bias Modulation. Physical Review Applied, 19 (4): 044088. ISSN 2331-7019

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Abstract

The accuracy of single-electron currents produced in hybrid turnstiles at high operation frequencies is, among other errors, limited by electrons tunneling in the wrong direction. Increasing the barrier transparency between the island and the leads, and the source-drain bias helps to suppress these events in a larger frequency range, although they lead to some additional errors. We experimentally demonstrate a driving scheme that suppresses tunneling in the wrong direction hence extending the range of frequencies for generating accurate single-electron currents. The main feature of this approach is an additional AC signal applied to the bias with twice the frequency as the one applied to the gate electrode. This allows additional modulation of the island chemical potential. By using the new approach under certain parameters, we improve the single-electron current accuracy by one order of magnitude. Finally, we show through experimentally-contrasted calculations that our method can improve accuracy even in devices for which the usual gate driving gives errors ∼10^(−3) at high frequencies and can bring them under 5×10^(−4).

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Physical Review Applied
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Research Output Funding/yes_externally_funded
Subjects:
?? yes - externally fundedphysics and astronomy(all) ??
ID Code:
191310
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
21 Apr 2023 10:25
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
09 Jul 2024 00:22