Quantum mixed state compiling

Ezzell, Nic and Ball, Elliott M and Siddiqui, Aliza U and Wilde, Mark M and Sornborger, Andrew T and Coles, Patrick J and Holmes, Zoë (2023) Quantum mixed state compiling. Quantum Science and Technology, 8 (3): 035001. ISSN 2058-9565

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The task of learning a quantum circuit to prepare a given mixed state is a fundamental quantum subroutine. We present a variational quantum algorithm (VQA) to learn mixed states which is suitable for near-term hardware. Our algorithm represents a generalization of previous VQAs that aimed at learning preparation circuits for pure states. We consider two different ansätze for compiling the target state; the first is based on learning a purification of the state and the second on representing it as a convex combination of pure states. In both cases, the resources required to store and manipulate the compiled state grow with the rank of the approximation. Thus, by learning a lower rank approximation of the target state, our algorithm provides a means of compressing a state for more efficient processing. As a byproduct of our algorithm, one effectively learns the principal components of the target state, and hence our algorithm further provides a new method for principal component analysis. We investigate the efficacy of our algorithm through extensive numerical implementations, showing that typical random states and thermal states of many body systems may be learnt this way. Additionally, we demonstrate on quantum hardware how our algorithm can be used to study hardware noise-induced states.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Quantum Science and Technology
?? papervariational quantum algorithmquantum mixed stateshilbert-schmidt distancemixed state compilingquantum principal component analysisquantum state compression ??
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Deposited On:
25 Apr 2023 11:15
Last Modified:
15 Jul 2024 23:43